exclusion

Armadillos Can Destroy Flower Beds in Their Search for Food

armadillosArmadillos Feed on Grubs, Worms, and Beetles

Armadillos are a common problem throughout the American southwest. These strange, armored mammals thrive in warm environments, and have adapted remarkably well to their North American homes.

These animals use their strong claws to dig burrows and search for food, which leads to a common problem for homeowners in these southwestern areas. Armadillos are known for digging up flowers and vegetables in their never-ending search for food. What’s more, these animals are incredibly tenacious pests, and attempting to get rid of them on one’s own may result in an extended (and expensive) ground war.

Attempting to replace the flowers and other plants that these pests have destroyed without first ensuring that the armadillos won’t return the very next day is paramount.

Baiting, trapping, and removing these pests can sometimes be a complicated process, which is why it’s a good idea to call your local pest control expert right away if you suspect that armadillos have been running amok on your property.

armadillosArmadillos are known for their armored hide, which provides the bulk of their protections against predators like coyotes and vultures. In addition to their armor, however, armadillos are surprisingly good swimming, and can also run quickly if the need arises.

These animals are primarily nocturnal, so it’s likely that homeowners will see evidence of armadillo activity rather than the animals themselves. More to the point, the fact that they’re rarely ever seen during the day means it’s particularly difficult to determine exactly how many armadillos are causing problems for you.

Be that as it may, trapping is still one of the cheapest, most humane, and most reliable methods of armadillo removal. Armadillos are clever animals, but they have been known to favor a few observable routes through their preferred hunting grounds. They tend to stick close to cover, should the need arise for them to defend themselves, to placing traps next to a fence or a wall line is generally a good idea.

armadillosIf you can locate their burrow, you can also place a trap at the entrance, so there’s no chance that an armadillo could possibly miss it. Once you manage to trap an armadillo, you can fairly easily relocate it to a wooded, out-of-the-way area. Even with this precaution, it’s still possible for other armadillos to enter your yard, which means that maintaining constant vigilance is key to a long-term armadillo removal program.

Cantu Pest Control cares about safe and humane trapping of the wildlife that has invaded your home or business. We believe that wildlife invaders do not have to be killed in order to solve the invasion. After our professionals have properly and thoroughly employed measures that will eliminate future wildlife infestation then the property owner may choose to have any wildlife in and around the property caught in humane traps.

If armadillos have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced pest control experts.

chinch bugs

Chinch Bugs May Necessitate Costly Lawn Repair

chinch bugsRemove Excess Thatch to Cut Down on Chinch Bugs

One of the most prominent indications of the presence of chinch bugs is the appearance of large patches of dead, brown grass. These patches will of course appear unsightly amid a well-maintained lawn, and may even have to be specially treated or removed by lawn care specialists.

An adult chinch bug is about one-sixth of an inch long and had a greyish-black body which is covered in fine hairs. On top of their bodies are a set of white wings, joined on each side of the body by sets of reddish legs. Young chinch bug nymphs can be as small as a pinhead, and are commonly brick-red in color.

Chinch bug removal experts suggest that these pests mainly feed on a variety of grasses, including red fescues, perennial ryegrass, bentgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. Chinch bugs are most common during high summer, and are attracted to turf grass that is exposed to full sunlight. Damage caused by chinch bugs can be best noticed during the period between early July and late August, when these insects feed most ravenously.

chinch bugs

Adults and nymphs alike can cause fairly serious damage to grass, as they feed on the plant matter, remove important plant fluids, and inject a certain natural toxin that causes the grass to turn from yellow to brown, and eventually die.

If you believe that your lawn is being infested by chinch bugs, it’s a good idea to call your local pest control professional as soon as possible in order to avoid mounting damage and even more excessive lawn care costs. Your chinch bug removal expert will be able to determine exactly which species of chinch bug is responsible for the damage to your yard, be they the western variety, the hairy variety, or the southern variety.

The removal of excessive thatch is another important step when it comes to chinch bug removal. Adequate maintenance of moisture on lawns and plants will also help reduce feeding damage and promote the growth of beneficial fungi that will help protect your plants from these insects.

chinch bugsThe use of low nitrogen fertilizer will also slow the reproduction of chinch bugs. As ever it’s vital consult your pest control professional before attempting to engage in do-it-yourself pest control practices, especially when dealing with insecticides and other poisons that could be hazardous to pets and members of the household.

Cantu Pest Control is proud to be the first company in Texas to offer a Green Shield Certified Service. Our Dallas chinch bug removal experts are excited to offer Green Shield Certified pest services to our customers in search of a more prevention-based solution to their pest removal and on-going pest management needs while minimizing the use of pesticides.

If chinch bugs have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced chinch bug removal experts.

opossums

Opossums Can Thrive In Even the Most Inhospitable Regions

opossumsOpossums Will Settle Wherever Food is Readily Available

Depending upon the species, opossums can range in size from large house cats to small mice. Most species are semi-arboreal omnivores, which, in practical terms, means that they’ll eat almost anything. Much like mice and rats, opossums are among the most successful vermin on earth, thanks largely to their unspecialized biology, flexible diet, and breeding habits. They can survive, and often thrive, in even the most diverse locations and climates.

Opossums have remarkably well-developed immune systems, and many species exhibit partial or total immunity to the venom of rattlesnakes, cottonmouths, and other vipers. Interestingly, opossums are about eight times less likely than wild dogs to carry rabies.

They are generally solitary creatures, and are known to stay in one area as long as food and water are readily available. Primarily nocturnal, opossums prefer quiet, secure areas to sleep during the day, and will sometimes seek out ready-made burrows for a form of temporary shelter.

opossumsPerhaps the most notable behavior of the opossums, however, is its unique ability to play dead—or possum—as the old idiom goes. When an opossum is threatened or harmed, it will involuntarily mimic the appearance and smell of a corpse.

When this hard-wired defense mechanism takes effect, its lips will be drawn back, saliva will foam from the mouth, the eyes close or roll back, and a foul-smelling liquid is secreted from the anal glands.

Though this behavior is apparently effective against would-be predators, the animal is, for all intents and purposes, completely defenseless during this period, and can be poked, rolled over, and even carried away without eliciting a response.

The opossum will typically regain consciousness within forty minutes, although the process can sometimes take up to four hours. In conjunction with their ability to play dead, adult opossums will growl deeply or hiss at a perceived threat.

opossumsOpossums can be found in most regions throughout North America, though are considered invasive species in Southern Ontario and British Colombia. They are considered pests because of their tendency to dig up gardens in search of berries and nuts, and, like raccoons, will almost inevitably root through outdoor garbage cans in the hopes of coming across discarded food.

 

Cantu Pest Control cares about safe and humane trapping of the wildlife that has invaded your home or business. We believe that wildlife invaders do not have to be killed in order to solve the invasion. After our opossum removal professionals have properly and thoroughly employed measures that will eliminate future wildlife infestation then the property owner may choose to have any wildlife in and around the property caught in humane traps.

If opossums have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced opossum removal experts.

termites

Termites Can Cause Extensive Damage While Remaining Undetected

termitesFrequently Inspect Wooden Structures to Detect Termites

Termite colonies can grow to incredible sizes with individuals sometimes numbering in the millions. Termite queens can often lay over 1,000 eggs per day. In late spring or early summer, Formosan termite colonies will produce swarms of winged males and females. Termites will, with luck, find a mate and some will proceed to found new colonies.

Dallas termite control can sometimes be a tricky proposition. When termites infest a wooden structure, whether it’s a tree or a wooden support beam inside the home, they consume cellulose and extract nutrients from it, leaving behind smooth-sided galleries. If you suspect that termites might be present in your home, keep a sharp eye out for sagging walls or ceilings, as these might be signs of severe and far-advance infestations. If you do determine that you have a termite problem, get in touch with our Dallas termite control experts.

termitesThese termites have been known to infest a variety of structures including boats and high-rise condominiums and, along with various other species of termite, routinely cause massive treatment and repair costs. However, it’s most common to see Formosan termites in the southern areas of the United States, because their eggs will not hatch in temperatures below 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

Termites are a constant threat to your home and a lot of the damage can be done before homeowners actually realize there’s a problem. If you suspect that termites are making inroads towards your home, there are a few wise precautions that the aloof homeowner can take in order to deter termites from making your home their own permeant residence.

For example, Dallas termite control professionals recommend that you remove stacked-up firewood from foundations or crawl spaces, remove tree stumps and other wood-based debris from around your home, place metal screens on any outdoor vents, and frequently inspect wooden fences or other similar structures for signs of termite damage.

termitesTermites are estimated to be some of the most destructive pests in the United States. Experts report that these pests cost homeowners upwards of $1 billion annually in order to prevent and redress termite-related issues. In an effort to control the ever-expanding populations of these pests, the use of pesticides has raised costs for consumers and led to negative effects on the environment like the contamination of water supplies due to runoff.

Cantu Pest Control is proud to be the first company in Texas to offer a Green Shield Certified Service. Our Dallas termite control experts are excited to offer Green Shield Certified pest services to our customers in search of a more prevention-based solution to their pest removal and on-going pest management needs while minimizing the use of pesticides.

If termites have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control to get in touch with our Dallas termite control professionals at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced pest control experts.

cockroaches

Cockroaches Can Spread Countless Pathogens and Bacteria

cockroachesCockroaches Love Easy Access to Food

Published on October 25, 2017

Cockroaches are extremely troublesome pests and can enter buildings through cracks and crevices in the foundation as well as through drains, pipes, and ventilation systems.

Cockroaches are often outdoor pests as much as indoor pests, and have been known to infest gardens and lawns. Some experts suggest that cockroaches have the ability to transmit thirty-three different kinds of diseases, and routinely spread countless bacteria as the scuttle across floors and food preparation areas.

Apart from their ability to spread disease through the contamination of kitchen surfaces and eating utensils, cockroaches have been known to trigger asthma. As cockroach nymphs develop, they periodically shed their skins or exoskeletons. Exoskeleton particles, along with particles cockroach’s feces can function as antigens when inhaled and exacerbate allergic reactions.

When dealing with a cockroach infestation, it’s very rare that only one pest control method is used. Likewise, many follow-up inspections will be required in order to ensure that the treatment is effective.

cockroachesEffective cockroach control begins with inspection. A good flashlight is helpful when trying to track down signs of cockroaches, as is some kind of flushing agent like aerosol. Keep an eye out for dark speckling which accumulates where cockroaches congregate.

Other signs of infestation include discarded skins and egg shells. These signs can help determine the cockroaches’ point of origin. The use of sticky traps can also help determine areas of roach activity. Leaving these traps in place and checking them regularly can help give an early warning and indicate a roach problem before an infestation gets out of hand.

Not unlike mice, cockroaches will maintain their hiding places within a few feet of their food source. Apart from food, roaches will seek out areas that offer warmth, moisture, and shelter. Roaches typically prefer organic surfaces like wood and cardboard.

cockroachesYounger nymphs rarely venture more than two feet from their hiding places, and fully grown adults usually don’t roam more than 10 feet, which means that you likely won’t have to look far from food storage areas to find a coven of roaches.

Another important step in controlling a roach population is exclusion, which means restricting their movement and number of hiding places. It will likely not be possible to remove all avenues of movement, but doing whatever you can will nevertheless make an impact. Consider using some kind of sealant, urethane foam, or caulking material to seal up cracks in walls or under skins where cockroaches might be entering.

Cantu Pest Control is proud to be the first company in Texas to offer a Green Shield Certified Service. Our Dallas termite control experts are excited to offer Green Shield Certified pest services to our customers in search of a more prevention-based solution to their pest removal and on-going pest management needs while minimizing the use of pesticides.

If cockroaches have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced cockroach removal experts.

Centipedes Are Attracted to Moisture and Shelter

Centipedes Thrive in Darkness and Moisture

centipedesThese Venomous Pests Are Ecologically Beneficial

Centipedes can be found all throughout the world, and can thrive in almost any climate, although they prefer areas consisting of high moisture and humidity. Rotting logs and beneath piles of rotting leaves and lawn debris are some of their favorite places to hide.

Since centipedes are drawn to moisture, they are most likely to hide in places in your home that accumulate moisture, like basements, bathrooms, and kitchens.

Many species of centipede along forest floors where there is plenty of decomposing plant and leaf matter. Centipedes are nocturnal, which means that they spend the daylight hours under whatever shelter they can find, and spend the night hunting for food.

Centipedes are carnivorous insects which prey on other, smaller insects, which they inject with venom and then devour. In general terms, centipede venom can be aggravating to humans, but it’s very rarely lethal. These insects prey on worms, spiders, slugs, and all manner of other small insects, depending on their habitat. In the wild, these pests are preyed upon by birds, frogs, shrews, and some spiders.

centipedesThe kinds of centipedes most commonly found in households are usually no more than five centimeters long with 15 pairs of legs. These insects come in a variety of colors including pale yellow, reddish, and deep brown, depending on their species.

Centipedes have a hard exoskeleton and no vertebrae, but they need to constantly stay around moisture so that they don’t dry out. These insects lose water very quickly because they lack the waxy coating over their exoskeletons that many other insect species enjoy.

Female centipedes have the ability to lay up to 60 eggs at a time. The female centipedes will stay with the eggs until they hatch in order to protect them from predators and invasive fungi. If the nesting site is disturbed before the eggs have a chance to hatch, the female will either abandon the eggs or, in some cases, eat them.

centipedesCentipedes have unusually long lifespans for insects, and sometimes take up the three years to reach adulthood. In the best circumstances, centipedes can live up to five or six years.

Cantu Pest Control is proud to be the first company in Texas to offer a Green Shield Certified Service. Our Dallas termite control experts are excited to offer Green Shield Certified pest services to our customers in search of a more prevention-based solution to their pest removal and on-going pest management needs while minimizing the use of pesticides.

If centipedes have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced centipede removal experts.

bedbugs

Bedbugs Can Hide In the Seams of Linens and Furniture

bedbugsBedbugs Are Tenacious Pests and Breed Quickly

Published on October 13, 2017

Bedbugs are small parasitic insects which feed on the blood of sleeping humans. These pests can be difficult to spot and move quickly over floors and furniture, and female bedbugs can lay hundreds of eggs in their lifetimes.

Bedbugs often enter a home by being carried there from somewhere else. They will often hide in luggage and clothing, which they’ll use to establish a new population. Bedbugs are very small and cannot fly, which means that they will usually try to live as close to their host as possible. It’s for this reason that these pests will live in groups inside mattresses, box springs, headboards, and bed frames.

These insects usually feed for ten minutes at a time while the host is sleeping, after which they’ll crawl back to their hiding places. Bedbugs breed quickly, so even if they establish a population in one room, they may quickly spread to others.

bedbugsBedbug bites look like small, itchy red welts, which victims sometimes initially confuse for mosquito bites. If you have recently purchased used furniture, you may want to check for a few more concrete signs of a bedbug infestation.

For example, keep a look out for small spots of blood on your sheets or pillowcases, or for rust-colored spots of bedbug excrement on sheets, mattresses, walls, and bed clothing. These insects also give off a certain musty scent which may help you determine if these pests have begun to infest your home. Be sure to check for as many of these signs as possible, so that your local pest control professional will know where to start.

These can be very difficult pests to control, as they are difficult to spot and easily spread from room to room within a home. It’s obviously important to catch a bedbug infestation early on in order to mitigate the chance of it becoming even worse.

There are a few steps a homeowner can take to reduce the chances of an infestation. Removing clutter and furniture from a room, for example, will make bedbugs easier to spot. Washing a drying sheets, pillowcases, and other linens in hot water will also kill any bedbugs that may be hiding within the seams.

Since bedbugs are often transported into the home from other locations, it’s important to check all secondhand furniture and clothing that you may have recently purchased before bringing it into your home.

bedbugsWith both international and domestic travel becoming increasingly common in all of our lives, it’s important to maintain vigilance when it comes to bedbug infestations, especially after returning home from trips.

Cantu Pest Control is proud to be the first company in Texas to offer a Green Shield Certified Service. Our Dallas termite control experts are excited to offer Green Shield Certified pest services to our customers in search of a more prevention-based solution to their pest removal and on-going pest management needs while minimizing the use of pesticides.

If bedbugs have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced bedbug removal experts.

termites

Termite Populations Depend on Weather and Food Sources

termites

Termite Activity Increases Dramatically During the Summer

Published on August 30, 2017

In warmer climates like the American Southwest, termites remain consistently active and visible all throughout the year. On the other hand, termites in cooler climates, tend to exhibit less activity during the winter months, although this does not mean that their activity has ceased altogether. They continue to feed even during the coldest months of the year, and signs of termite damage can manifest at any time.

It’s difficult to predict exactly when termite season will begin or end, although the duration of the season will often depend on where you live. Subterranean species, for example, will not forage for food if the soil is too hot or too cold, thus limiting the time in which they can successfully breed and expand their population.

Weather is one of the main factors that will impact termite activity, but it’s by no means the only important aspect. Termite activity also often depends on the degree of shelter that a given nest can offer its population.

termitesFor example, drywood termites, which might nest inside heated structures, are not nearly as exposed to harsh winter temperatures as other species or populations, meaning that they can continue to feed and breed virtually unabated.

Likewise, subterranean termites have the ability to build nests more than eighteen inches below the surface of the soil, enabling them to escape the frigid temperatures above ground. During the unforgiving winter months, environments with controlled temperatures, like basements and attics for example, are ideal nesting places for termites.

It’s unlikely that termites will make their presence known during the winter by swarming—an activity that usually takes place in spring or summer, depending on the temperature—but that doesn’t necessarily mean that termite activity has stopped. In some tropical parts of the country like Florida, for example, swarms may still be observed in the winter, where temperatures can still reach up to the seventies or higher.

Even in these tropical climates, however, breeding will still usually take place in the spring and summer. They will most likely take place on warm, calm days that follow a rainstorm.

termitesDepending on the availability of food, this process can sometimes take up to five years. During this pre-swarming period, termite colonies can continue to grown and cause damage to your home unnoticed. If you suspect that termites have nested in or around your home, call your local pest control expert right away.

Cantu Pest Control is proud to be the first company in Texas to offer a Green Shield Certified Service. Our Dallas termite control experts are excited to offer Green Shield Certified pest services to our customers in search of a more prevention-based solution to their pest removal and on-going pest management needs while minimizing the use of pesticides.

If termites have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced termite removal experts.

scorpions

Scorpions Help Promote a Healthy Ecosystem

scorpions

Scorpions Prefer Quiet and Isolated Areas

Published on August 29, 2017

Despite their frightening appearance, scorpion stings are usually harmless to humans, and further treatment is usually not necessary for a healthy adult. Scorpion stings can prove to be quite painful, however, and may result in localized pain or burning, swelling, numbness interspersed with tingling sensations, and severe muscles cramps.

Scorpions prefer very dry climates and can be found in large numbers throughout the American southwest. They are very sensitive to moisture loss, and prefer to spend daylight hours in shady, secluded locations. Scorpions obtain most of the water they need to function from their prey, which include insects, spiders, lizards, and other scorpions. While scorpions can survive for months without food, they need to constantly maintain their intake of fluids.

They are most active at night, although they can sometimes be seen during the day when conditions are cool and moist. Scorpions have the ability to detect the vibrations of their prey as it moves, allowing the scorpion to lie in wait for an insect or lizard to cross its path.

scorpionsScorpions are capable of crushing small prey with their powerful pincers, though they will inject larger prey with their venom—a complicated mixture of paralytic neurotoxins. In addition to hunting prey, they will also use their venom to protect themselves from threats.

Signs of a scorpion infestation are hard to spot, and they leave behind almost no evidence of their activities. These creatures usually only enter homes if they sense that there is better access to food or more hospitable conditions.

They usually use ground-level openings to enter your home, which include cracks in doors, windows, openings around plumbing pipes and utility lines, and various cracks and crevices. Occasionally, scorpions will also hide out in crates, stacks of firewood, and potted plants, which may then be transported indoors by unsuspecting humans.

Once inside your home, these pests will usually be drawn to out-of-the-way areas like basements, bathrooms, garages, and closets.

In order to prevent your home from playing host to scorpions in the first place, you can implement a number of exclusion methods including making sure that cracks around doors and windows are sealed with caulk or cement.

scorpionsWhile there are only very few truly dangerous species of scorpion in North America, international travelers to Asia and Africa should take special care to avoid native species of scorpion, which can administer venom much more potent than that of their North American counterparts.

Cantu Pest Control is proud to be the first company in Texas to offer a Green Shield Certified Service. Our Dallas scorpion control experts are excited to offer Green Shield Certified pest services to our customers in search of a more prevention-based solution to their pest removal and on-going pest management needs while minimizing the use of pesticides.

If scorpions have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced scorpion removal experts.

rats

Rats Prefer Areas With Ready Access to Food and Water

rats

Rats Are Highly Adaptable and Tenacious Pests

Published on August 28, 2017

Thanks to their ability to consumer a wider variety of food, as well as their ability to withstands temperature changes, brown rats were able to spread around the world and prove to be tenacious pests to this day. Both types of rats have proven to be significant pests, particularly in rural areas and on farms where they have a tendency to spoil stored crops through both consumption and disease.

Black rats are unique in that they effect their habitat, be it urban or rural, in both positive and negative ways. It’s a well-documented fact that black rats have a tendency to drive out or displace any species that were already occupying that habitat, carving out their own ecological niche in the process.

This phenomenon usually leads to an increase in completion among small species, which may in turn lead to the displacement of even more species. However, despite its tendency to displace some native species, they can also increase species population density and add to the diversity of their gene pool.

In populated and built-up areas, black rats have been known to nest in warehouses, residential buildings, and basically any other human structure that provides ready access to food and water. These pests commonly seek out dryer environments like the upper floors of buildings as well as the cavities of walls.

rats

Not unlike mice, black rats create their nests from shredded materials and other detritus like leaves, sticks, paper materials, cloth, and various vegetation. Rats and other rodents frequently nest in trees when living in the wild in an effort to avoid most types of ground-dwelling predators.

Black rats have been known to carry all manner of extremely serious bacteria and viruses, most notably plague, and can actually spread these diseases through a variety of means, including physical contact, bite, or by fleas that may be feeding on it. Rats contaminating food or food preparation areas is also not uncommon.

When determining if there actually is an infestation in a given area, the first sign is to correctly identify the offending rodent. Black rats have hairless, scaly tails which are longer than their bodies and are used for balance and grip when climbing.

ratsNaturally, an infestation of black rats in the home or workspace is an extremely serious problem, but there are a number of warning signs which may allow you to catch the infestation before it gets out of control.

Rat droppings are obviously a major signpost, as are the appearance of grease marks along the surfaces of walls, which are produced when the oils on a rat’s fur are deposited as it traverses an area.

Cantu Pest Control is proud to be the first company in Texas to offer a Green Shield Certified Service. Our Dallas rat control experts are excited to offer Green Shield Certified pest services to our customers in search of a more prevention-based solution to their pest removal and on-going pest management needs while minimizing the use of pesticides.

If rats have made unwanted appearances around your home, call Cantu Pest Control at 972-885-3618 (Dallas and Fort Worth areas) or 713-999-3495 (Houston area) and schedule an appointment today with one of our friendly, experienced rat removal experts.